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Intra-group transactions: how it works

The South African Revenue Service (“SARS”) issued a private binding ruling (BPR329) on 27 September 2019 on the tax implications of intra-group transactions and the subsequent sale of the relevant assets to a third party outside the group of companies.

The taxpayer in this regard wants to implement a Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment transaction in terms of which immovable properties owned by the taxpayer and its subsidiaries (all effectively managed in South Africa) will be transferred to a newly established black-owned third party. The latter will not form part of the taxpayer’s group of companies.

In order for the proposed transaction to achieve its objectives as an asset-based transaction1 the taxpayer’s group is required to undertake an internal restructuring as all the properties owned by the subsidiaries have to be transferred from the taxpayer to the third party.

In this regard, the following steps will be implemented. Firstly, the subsidiaries will sell all their properties to the taxpayer in terms of an intra-group transaction as contemplated in section 45 of the Income Tax Act with the purchase price left outstanding on loan account. The taxpayer will furthermore enter into lease agreements with two of the subsidiaries who in turn will sub-lease it to the relevant group company that occupies the property. This will ensure that the third party acquire existing income streams in addition to ownership of the properties. In the final step, the taxpayer will enter into a sale of property and rental enterprise agreement with the third party for a cash consideration and use the cash so acquired to pay off the loans with the subsidiaries in the transaction’s first step.

The question that arises in this regard is whether the subsequent sale of the assets to the third party will result in a capital gain for the taxpayer or in the alternative, whether the proceeds will constitute “gross income” as defined in section 1(1) of the Income Tax Act.

In terms of BPR329, SARS confirmed that the taxpayer will acquire the properties as capital assets from the subsidiaries who in turn held the properties as capital assets (pursuant to paragraph (a)(i)(aa) of the definition of an intra-group transaction in section 45(1)). Secondly, the sale of the properties by the taxpayer will result in a capital gain for the taxpayer, a portion of which will be ring-fenced in terms of section 45(5). The proceeds from the sale will therefore not constitute gross income as defined in section 1(1).

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted. (E&OE)

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