2019 Tax legislative amendment: Retirement funds
13 August
SARS changes to employer statement of account
29 October

VAT Regulations dealing with the supply of electronic services

Since 2015, foreign suppliers of electronic services (such as audio-visual content, e-books etc.) in South Africa are deemed to operate an enterprise for VAT locally. Although the regime has been in place for several years, new regulations in this regard are continuously published, the latest being on 18 March 2019, with an effective date of 1 April 2019. Along with the new regulations, SARS has published a “FAQ” document that addresses some of the questions that vendors and the public at large are likely to have about the implications of the updated regulations and recent legislative amendments. Below, we explore some of the more pertinent matters that SARS addresses in the “FAQ” document.

What are electronic services?

Electronic services mean any services supplied by a non-resident for consideration using –

· an electronic agent;
· an electronic communication; or
· the internet.

Electronic services are therefore services, the supply of which –

· is dependent on information technology;
· is automated, and
· involves minimal human intervention.

Simply put, this means that from 1 April 2019, you will have to pay VAT on a much wider scope of electronic services. The regulations now include any services that qualify as “electronic services” (other than a few exceptions) whether supplied directly by the non-resident business or via an “intermediary”.

Some examples include:

· Auction services;
· Online advertising or provision of advertising space;
· Online shopping portals;
· Access to blogs, journals, magazines, newspapers, games, publications, social networking, webcasts, webinars, websites, web applications, web series; and
· Software applications downloaded by users on mobile devices.

What is specifically excluded from the ambit of electronic services in the updated regulations?  

Excluded from the updated regulations are –

· telecommunications services;
· educational services supplied from an export country (a country other than South Africa), which services are regulated by an education authority under the laws of the export country; and
· certain supplies of services where the supplier and recipient belong to the same group of companies.

What is the reason for the updated regulations?   The original regulations limited the scope of services that qualified as electronic services, and which must be charged with VAT at the standard rate. The intention of the updated regulations is to substantially widen the scope of services that qualify as electronic services, so that all services supplied for a consideration (subject to a few exceptions), which are provided by means of an electronic agent, electronic communication or the internet, are electronic services and must be charged with VAT at the standard rate.
Do the updated Regulations make a distinction between Business-to-Business (B2B) and Business-to-Consumer (B2C) supplies?   No, there is no distinction between B2B and B2C supplies, therefore, B2B supplies will be charged with VAT at the standard rate. This outcome was intentional as the South African VAT system does not fully subscribe to the B2B and B2C concepts.  
What are some examples of supplies that are not electronic services?  

· Certain educational services
· Certain financial services for which a fee is charged
· Telecommunications services
· Certain supplies made in a group of companies
· The online supply of tangible goods such as books or clothing
· Certain supplies or services that are not electronic services by their nature, but where the output and conveyance of the services are merely communicated by electronic means, for example:

  • a legal opinion prepared in an export country, sent by e-mail; and
  • an architect’s plan drawn up in an export country and sent to the client by e-mail.
Given the much wider scope of application for electronic services, both local and foreign vendors need to ensure that VAT is levied at the appropriate rate on the supply of electronic services – and local vendors, where relevant, need to retain the necessary supporting documents to substantiate any input tax claims.
This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied upon as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice. Errors and omissions excepted. (E&OE)

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